Looking to Get Into Cybersecurity and Become a Cybersecurity Analyst or a Security Engineer? Check Out The 360 SOC Careers Page For Your Next Career Opportunity

Here is a report on the top 50 things a cybersecurity analyst should know:

  1. Network protocols (e.g., TCP/IP, HTTP, HTTPS, FTP)
  2. Network security concepts (e.g., firewalls, intrusion detection systems, virtual private networks)
  3. Operating system security (e.g., Windows, Linux, macOS)
  4. Cybersecurity frameworks (e.g., NIST Cybersecurity Framework, ISO 27001)
  5. Cryptography and encryption technologies
  6. Vulnerability management and patching processes
  7. Risk assessment and management techniques
  8. Security incident response and management
  9. Identity and access management (IAM)
  10. Data protection and privacy laws (e.g., GDPR, HIPAA)
  11. Network and application security testing tools (e.g., nmap, Burp Suite)
  12. Network traffic analysis and packet capture tools (e.g., Wireshark, tcpdump)
  13. Malware analysis and reverse engineering techniques
  14. Security information and event management (SIEM) systems
  15. Cloud security concepts and best practices
  16. Internet of Things (IoT) security
  17. Mobile device security
  18. Social engineering tactics and how to prevent them
  19. Physical security measures (e.g., access control, security cameras)
  20. Business continuity and disaster recovery planning
  21. Cybersecurity trends and emerging threats
  22. Network and system architecture design and configuration
  23. Network and system administration tasks
  24. Scripting languages (e.g., Python, Bash)
  25. Regular expression syntax and usage
  26. SQL and database security
  27. Web application security concepts (e.g., input validation, session management)
  28. Virtualization and containerization technologies (e.g., VMware, Docker)
  29. Information security standards and best practices (e.g., ISO 27002, CIS Top 20)
  30. Communication and interpersonal skills
  31. Time management and prioritization
  32. Problem-solving and analytical skills
  33. Adaptability and flexibility
  34. Continuing education and professional development
  35. Industry certifications (e.g., Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP))
  36. Understanding of the business and its goals and objectives
  37. Knowledge of the organization’s security policies and procedures
  38. Understanding of the organization’s regulatory and compliance requirements
  39. Understanding of the organization’s technical environment
  40. Understanding of the organization’s physical environment
  41. Knowledge of the organization’s vendors and partners
  42. Understanding of the organization’s human resources policies and procedures
  43. Knowledge of the organization’s data classification standards
  44. Understanding of the organization’s incident response plan
  45. Understanding of the organization’s business continuity plan
  46. Knowledge of the organization’s change management process
  47. Understanding of the organization’s asset management process
  48. Knowledge of the organization’s vendor management process
  49. Understanding of the organization’s access control process
  50. Knowledge of the organization’s data backup and recovery process